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Democratic Republic of the Congo: African experts stress the need to expel the Illusion from the African Union

the sanctity of historical facts.. made it possible to prove Morocco’s sovereignty over its desert, as it is an integral part of its lands, its history, the formation of its nation and its multiple identity

Kinshasa | Times of Sudan

African experts, including politicians, academics, representatives of the private sector, civil society and members of think tanks, stressed, on Friday, in Kinshasa, that the expulsion of the so-called “Sahara Republic” from the African Union is inevitable because it would constitute an “institutional breakthrough in the service of African unity”.

This came during a seminar in Kinshasa organized by the Public Affairs Office (BM Patners) under the theme “The African Union in light of the Sahara issue: How to move from a dynamic failure to a final settlement that serves Africa.”

The participants in this meeting held intellectual and stimulating discussions, based on the approach of pragmatism, purity and science, and the search for tangible solutions to an artificial conflict that continues to undermine Africa’s stability, peace and security, as well as its regional and continental economic integration.

The preliminary discussions during this symposium, based on “the sanctity of historical facts”, made it possible to prove Morocco’s sovereignty over its desert, as it is an integral part of its lands, its history, the formation of its nation and its multiple identity

According to the final report of the symposium, one of the examples put forward was the siege imposed by the “Polisario” militia in Guerguerat in October-November 2020, which a number of speakers described as an “act of piracy” as a violation of the 1991 ceasefire, a violation also recorded by the Secretary-General The United Nations in its latest report on the Sahara.

This act of piracy constitutes a significant obstacle to economic integration, a cause of disruption to health and food supply chains in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as an obstacle to the free movement of people and goods throughout the region, and thus a threat to the implementation of the Common African Free Trade Area.

The participants highlighted the prominent and multi-dimensional role of Morocco within the continent, even before its return to the African Union in 2017, a role that aligns with the objectives of Agenda 2063, as well as with an active, unconstrained and responsible vision for African unity, wondering in this context about the added value of the so-called “Sahara Republic” since its acceptance, both with regard to issues of economic integration, but also on other strategic issues and critical files and sectoral meetings of the African Union.

The speakers also discussed the solutions available to the African Union to restore its neutrality on the issue of the Moroccan Sahara, while insisting on the special circumstances that prevailed during the acceptance of this fictitious entity, the so-called “Sahrawi Republic” within the Organization of African Unity. by 28 member states of the African Union.

 

This petition linked Morocco’s reintegration into the African Union with the suspension of the membership of the so-called “Sahara Republic”.

The participants addressed the content of Resolution 693 issued by the Nouakchott Summit in July 2018, which devoted the exclusive role of the United Nations Security Council in addressing the Sahara issue, calling on both African countries and the African Union to go beyond these achievements and show more pragmatism, by studying ways to expel ” The so-called “Sahara Republic”, considering that it became a necessity in order to strengthen the unity of the continent and protect it from the divisions associated with the growing separatist threats.

Morocco flag
Morocco flag

They also stressed the need for the African Union to follow the example of the majority of African and global countries, and all regional and multilateral organizations, including the United Nations, which do not recognize the so-called “Sahara Republic”, and thus work to expel it from the African Union.

The participants discussed the Moroccan autonomy proposal, which is a “just, credible and consensus-based political solution,” considering that this “peaceful solution” makes it possible to negotiate the status of autonomy for the Sahara, based on integration, on the basis of respecting the cultural specificities of the population, and constituting a fortress. Against terrorism and separatism, the real scourge that threatens the stability of the Sahel and Sahara region and beyond.

The preliminary discussions during this symposium, based on “the sanctity of historical facts”, made it possible to prove Morocco’s sovereignty over its desert, as it is an integral part of its lands, its history, the formation of its nation and its multiple identity.

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